An Assessment of Nutritional and Chemical Profile of Wild Crassocephalum ruben and Launaea taraxacifolia

Nigeria is blessed with varieties of indigenous vegetables. Many in the wild are underutilized, becoming rare, and going to extinction while cultivated vegetables are becoming expensive. There is need to pay attention to wild vegetables. The proximate, mineral, and antinutritional compositions of “Launea taraxacifolia” and “Crassocephalum rubens” were determined using standard analytical methods. The results of proximate in percentages were: moisture (10.62±0.11; 9.73±0.14), crude protein (26.94±0.56; 21.07±0.24), ash (16.47±0.7; 21.17±0.34), crude fibre (21.68±0.63; 8.65±0.03), crude fat (14.85±0.14; 10.86±0.39) and carbohydrate by difference (9.44±0.61; 28.52±0.52). The antinutrient factors present in mg/g were: tannin (3.22±0.19; 3.07±0.14), oxalate (1.53±0.07; 1.35±0.07), and phytate (0.58±0.01; 1.24±0.07). Amino acid profiles of the leaf protein concentrates of the vegetables revealed the presence of essential and non-essential amino acids in appreciable quantities. Essential mineral elements, phenolic acids, and flavonoids were also detected. The vegetables have good nutritional and chemical potential for promoting good health.

The Political Identity of Food: Partisan Implications of the New Food Politics

Changing perceptions in farming and food policy have partisan implications for American politics. The changing perceptions of farms, farmers, food, agriculture and environment, animal welfare, and food democracy have created liberal and conservative partisan positions in food policy. Political science theories of issue evolution, issue ownership, policy diffusion, and morality policy anticipate partisan sorting on food issues when certain conditions are met. This article will explain the politically meaningful perceptual changes in food politics from a conventional view to a progressive view. It will then examine the way four political science theories explain and predict these changes in the political identity of food.

The Vicious Cycle of GMO Opposition

Genetically modified foods have been one of the most hotly debated, contentious issues in food politics and policy over the course of the last multiple decades. Although being the recipient of overwhelming scientific approval since the 1980s, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) used for food production and consumption have met public unrest as well as regulatory scrutiny and backlash. Why is this? This article will display a theoretical justification for international public opposition to genetically modified foods as well as make the argument that this unfounded public opposition has become the basis for federal GM regulatory policies in the United States, the European Union, and sub-Saharan Africa. This will be presented through illustrating the vicious cycle of GMO opposition, a phenomenon born in wealthier countries such as the United States and those in the European Union that is then exported to sub-Saharan Africa through means of cultural affinity and influence, primarily with the European Union. It will be illustrated that sub-Saharan Africa could be reaping massive tangible benefits to its agricultural productivity and thus issues of food security and hunger if only the countries in sub-Saharan Africa would be willing to culturally accept genetically modified foods.